Fracture Splitting technology

 

 

Naein City

Naein City is a district of Isfahan Province, in central parts of Iran. It has 13 rural districts and 830 villages. 150000 people live in more than 53000 square kilometers. Its all desert. The job of almost all people is rug weaving, except the government employees and some merchants.

The central mosque of Naein is one of the four remaining mosques of the old style. It is believed to be made 1400 years ago. The style has influenced all the architecture of the next generations.

During Safavid era a lot of masterpiece building were made. Great masters of tile-works left everlasting artworks all around the city. The city was ruined and the people were massacred by the Afghans who attacked Iran (Persia) and put an end to the Safavid Dynasty. The city was rebuilt 200 years later. Old parts of Naein are very amazing. Each part was protected by a wall and had a separate mosque, market, and other needed buildings.

Being on a desert, water shortage and drought have always been the greatest threat to Naein people and many water stores –deep and wide pools with a roof were built around the city. The oldest water store is the Musalla water store. The product of Naein in old days was mantles which were famous in all Islamic countries.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Naein Rugs

History books don’t say anything about Naein rugs although the city itself, is more than 3000 years old. Till 60 years ago Naein was famous for it’s ‘ABA’ (mantle). As the Iranians’ taste of clothes changed, the demand for mantles slowed down and the people of Naein put all their effort on carpet weaving.

Naien design undoubtedly, is not a native local design. People took the design from Isfahan but used their own colors affected by the desert. Light colors used in Naein carpets are signs of sun and sand. These are the colors of the life beneath the surface of the desert. Color of kindness, serenity, and clarity. In that way, product of the most damaged villages of the world becomes the most famous, and attracts the eyes of all beauty lovers. Carpet is a gift from heaven for Naein people. It’s one of the few –if not the only source of income for these people, but unfortunately, in some neighboring provinces, they weave Naein like carpets sell it as Naein rugs.


Rug weaving in Naein


There is no evidence to prove an old carpet weaving in Naein. Possibly the glorious mantle weaving left no room for other crafts like rug weaving. As the industrial weaving grew, the mantle weavers had no other choice than changing their crafts. Rug weaving started exactly 84 years ago when late Mr. Pirzad founded a school where children could learn rug weaving after primary education. He employed two Naeini masters who had worked in Isfahan for many years to teach the children. Naein people, who were masters of fine weaving, soon became famous for their rugs. In 1942 there were 250 looms in Naein according to Cecil Edwards.

Among the weavers are the names of Habibian brothers whom their name is still a sign of proud for Naein rugs. 

KHUR and BIABANAK and JANDAQH


As districts of Naein, there are very few villages between these small towns. Jalal Abad, Chah malek, Ordit, Mehrejan and Garmeh are villages built in ever-dry desert. Hot summers and cold winters of this land seem to be intolerable. But people still stay and fight the nature.